Understanding the
Global Economy

Comprensión de
la economía mundial

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A

A Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism 187

Absent cause 124

Accounting causality 59, 63, 81

Accounting identity 287

Accumulation 75, 100, 101, 105, 109, 112, 115, 125, 130, 132, 136, 137, 140, 143, 145, 206, 226, 287

auto-centric 136

capital 106, 107, 109, 132, 136, 143

critique of the logic of 112, 114

flexible 106, 130

primitive 107

progressive 105

regimes of 105, 270, 277

Advertising 48

Africa 107, 108, 114, 130, 133, 136, 138

African cultures, destruction of 130

After International Relations 235, 238, 244, 245, 271

Agape 91

Aggregate demand 43, 252, 253, 288. (See Effective demand)

Agriculture 87, 133, 136, 222, 267

feudal 141

Alienation 111, 113, 119, 183, 223, 257, 289. (See De-alienation)

Althusser, Louis 101, 122, 123, 125, 127, 147, 149

Amin, Samir 136, 138

Ancient cultural cosmologies 50

Ancient Futures: Learning from the Ladaka 40

Ancient Greece 49, 73, 123, 178

pre-market institutions 225

Ancient ideals 100, 104

Anomie 8

Anthropology 46, 51, 102, 128, 131, 160, 170, 195

cultural 188

economic 103

post-structuralist 128

Anti-essentialism 122, 127, 149

Anti-metaphysics 50, 290

Anunciar 163

Aquinas, St. Thomas 69, 114, 127

Archai 148

Argentina 24, 254

Aristotle 30, 32, 37, 45, 69, 71, 73, 78, 86, 91, 101, 103, 112, 114, 115, 122, 124, 127, 139, 140, 147, 150, 184, 202, 211, 214, 267

Metaphysics 13, 123, 138

Asia 58, 85, 108, 226

South 26

Southeast 31, 58

traditional cultures 54

Augustine, St. 116, 202

Autonomy 135, 154

ethic of 135, 290

personal 28, 135

Ayni ruway 178

B

Balance of trade. (See Trade deficit)

Barter 30, 86, 91, 203, 220, 224, 291, 313

Behavioral economics 103

Beloved community 158, 222

Benevolence 219-223

Bentham, Jeremy 7, 15, 26, 35, 36, 104

Bioneer 40

Bionetwork 194

Bionomics 160

Biotechnology 228

Bourgeoisie 88, 103, 104, 113, 119

Boycott 173

Brazil 24, 28, 29, 78

Britain 61, 63, 89, 110, 193, 216. (See England)

Buddhism 38, 46, 80, 110, 134

Burma 110

C

Canon law 92, 102

Capital 1, 14, 20, 21, 23, 26, 28, 30, 32, 48, 60, 95, 101, 103, 106, 114, 115, 117, 137, 141, 143, 145, 162, 179, 182, 184, 193, 203, 207, 226, 228

accumulation, global logic 108

by Marx 36, 39, 78, 101, 104, 149, 183, 207

necessary self-expansion of 105

public working 227

surplus 132

Capital accounting 72

Capital accumulation 288, 364

Capital and Communities 21, 34

Capital disinvestment 20

Capital flight 247, 251, 261, 263, 274, 295

Capital investment 60, 136. (See Investors)

Capital mobility 20, 22, 30, 31, 106, 178, 250

Capital outlay 42, 62, 71, 105

Capital personified 109

Capital syndrome 105

Capital-intensive 1, 61

Capitalism 5, 6, 21, 27, 65, 66, 68, 103, 112, 114, 123, 127, 137, 139, 142, 149, 150, 185, 187, 206, 211, 262

global 106, 137, 139, 177, 187

global expansion of 105

injustice of 268

instability of 159, 183

Capitalist economic categories 206

Capitalist economy 112, 141, 185

Capitalist global economy 20, 90, 97, 140, 143, 150

Capitalist production 105

Capitalist society 103, 112

Capra, Fritjof 184, 207

Caritas 74, 91, 102, 117

Causal explanation 5, 12, 58, 59, 71, 101, 255, 271

Causal factors 125

Causal mechanism 22, 145, 175

Causal models 125, 145, 148

Causal powers 12, 33, 124, 149, 152, 244, 246, 248, 255, 268, 270

Causality 296

Causality, linear concept of 41

Cause 23, 31, 41, 58, 62, 73, 84, 86, 88, 125

archai 147

Cause and effect 89, 123, 125, 131

Colonial rule 26, 70, 92, 107, 110, 153, 260

Command structure 49, 50, 75, 299

Commodity 26, 36, 64, 96, 100, 103, 105, 111, 113, 115, 149, 182, 184, 193, 204, 207, 299

Commodity exchange 222, 228

Commodity fetish 297, 299, 316

Commodity form 149, 150

Commodity law of value 192

Commodity production 183

Commodity-Money-Commodity 78

Common law of commerce 92

Communism 132, 133

Comparative advantage 1, 13, 22, 38, 47, 59, 70, 129, 175, 300. (See Neoclassical economics)

Competition of capitals 103

Comprehensive conceptual system 112

Concept of Law, The 263

Concordia 91

Conflict resolution 236

Conscience 169, 202, 210, 265

social 201

Consumer goods 44, 58

Consumer power 43

Contract 6, 27, 31, 32, 36, 48, 92, 166, 193, 204, 211, 227, 262

social 35

Contract law 38

Contradiction and Overdetermination 125

Contradictions 103, 183, 185, 206, 301

Corn Laws 129

Chavez, Cesar 165

Childcare 111, 141, 165, 229

China 49, 183

Choices 7, 16, 218

consumer 9, 46, 48, 50, 186

deliberate 271

preferred 8

right to make 47, 48, 54

wise 41, 45

Choices code 8

Chrematistics 78

Christian Democrat 202

Chronic excess capacity 42

Circular and Cumulative Causation 59, 61, 62, 70, 82

Circulation of commodities 36, 104, 113, 114, 149, 150, 183, 198, 297

Circulation of money 184

Classical economics 7, 77, 103, 109

Collective bargaining 44, 48, 166, 224, 269, 297

Colombia 128, 129

Correlates of War Project 242, 255

Cosmology 37, 69, 133

Cost of production 105

Countercyclical spending 65, 66, 159. (See Keynesian economics)

Course in General Linguistics 189

Critical mass 165, 166

Critical realism 235, 239, 240, 243, 244, 246, 256, 270, 277, 302

Critique of the logic of accumulation 113, 114, 120

Crony capitalism 223, 224, 234, 302

Cuba 119

Cultural structures 113, 130, 134, 162, 171, 173

Culture 51, 72, 160, 170, 171

Culture of solidarity 166

Currency 12, 105, 176, 203, 211

international 65

Currency devaluation 159

Currency exchange 31

Currency transactions 35

Curtains of meaning 191

D

De-alienation 111

Deconstruction of development 128

Deficit spending 65, 159. (See countercyclical spending)

Deflation 63. (See Negative growth)

Deindustrialization 20, 34, 206, 303. (See Industrialization)

Deliberate action 109, 110, 148

Demand 42, 43

Democracy 51, 140, 154, 177, 178, 201, 237, 242, 246, 247, 257, 266, 271

grassroots 269

Deontic ethics 9

Derrida, Jacques 31, 124, 152

Descartes, Rene 73, 86, 149

Design revolution 45, 48, 51

Deutsch, Karl 235, 238, 253, 255

Development discourse 128, 136, 138

Development economics 132

Diachronic linguistics 189

Diachrony 138

Dialectic 314

Dialectical materialism 304

Discourse 305

Dualism 113

Dumont, Louis 10, 306

Dutch 12, 88, 89, 257

Dynamis 74

E

Earth's energy budget 47

Ecclesia 178

Eco-friendly technologies 40, 51

Ecological Design 40

Ecological design 206

Ecological niche 12, 49, 160, 256

Ecological norms 68

Ecology 29, 38, 160, 161, 194

Economic activity 66, 72, 111, 193, 221

Economic actors 10, 12, 48, 142, 168

Economic factors 1, 12

Economic fundamentalism 160, 175

Economic growth 2, 65, 66, 68, 78, 132, 252, 307

Economic ideology 10

Economic policies 44, 47, 142

Economic power 42, 162, 173, 259, 261, 263, 266

Economic relations 55

Economic society 10, 12, 26, 31, 32, 49, 69, 72, 160, 199, 202, 204, 205, 205

Economic stability 80, 142

Economic theory 4, 10, 11, 16, 47, 64, 70, 72, 92, 119, 159, 188, 269

Effective demand 13, 62, 68, 77, 131, 168. (See Aggregate demand)

Efficiency 1, 28, 29, 53, 60, 167, 168, 266, 309

Efficient 167

Efficient cause 70, 74, 75, 147, 148

Efficient free-competitive market 168

Egoism 162, 210

Egypt 86, 138

Eisler, Riane 158

El Salvador 13

Emancipatory research 239, 266, 270, 271

Emancipatory science 266

Empiricism 310

Empiricist 50, 71, 247, 248, 267, 273

Employment 60, 68, 238

full 62, 64, 187, 250

theory of 76, 77

Enclosure movement 87, 130

Encountering Development 122, 135

End of Capitalism, The 122, 139, 140, 148

Energy-intensive 84

England 2, 7, 70, 86, 92, 93, 130, 220. (See Britain)

Enlargement of markets 70, 84, 86, 88, 90, 92, 130. (See Growth)

Enlightenment 28, 125, 126

humanism 100

metaphysics 127

Epidemiological method 242

Epistemological realism 310

Epistemological relativism 244

Epistemology 13, 69, 91, 124, 129, 310

realist 137, 138

Equality 28, 36, 51, 100, 104, 227, 238, 253

gender 135, 196

Equity 133

gender 110

Escobar, Arturo 122, 128, 131, 133, 136

Essentialism 311

Essentialist 122, 125, 131, 134, 140, 143, 146

Ethic of care 45, 46, 55, 91, 212

Ethical global economy 158

Ethical philosophy 10, 26, 73

Ethical principles 5, 27, 52, 179

Ethical skepticism 29, 47

Ethical structure 36, 129

Ethics 13, 16, 27, 29, 35, 36, 46, 53, 55, 69, 75, 90, 92, 101, 115, 119, 128, 129, 135, 153, 154, 214, 221, 228, 230, 311

Ethnology 110

Etymology of economy 50

Europe 2, 5, 63, 73, 87, 88, 92, 165, 220, 221

Medieval 90

Exchange 223, 228

Exchange of commodities 104, 187, 223

Exchange process 62, 103

Exchange value 104, 113, 192, 207, 221, 224, 313

of commodities 207

Expansion of U.S. industry 24

Expansionism 315

Expansionist prescriptions 65

Explain 123

Explanation 23, 242, 243, 273

Enlightenment 125

scientific 3, 26, 73, 74, 107

Explanatory principle 6, 101, 109, 150

Exploitation 104, 106, 108, 139, 206, 207

Export lead 70

Export-led growth 2, 67

F

Factors of production 1, 3

Feminism 100, 162

Feminization of labor 129, 130, 315

Feminization of poverty 130

Final cause 70, 74, 76, 147

Findhorn 40

First principles 138

Flexible accumulation 316

Flexible labor 106

Ford Inc. 28, 29

Foreign markets 70

Foucault, Michel 87, 100, 122, 125, 132, 135, 137, 258, 261, 262

France 61

Frank andre 130

Free enterprise system 132

Free market 7, 52, 66, 167, 168, 222

Free market economic theory 158

Free market ideology 177. (See Neoliberal)

Free trade 7, 9, 27, 28, 59, 61, 216, 228, 316

Free-floating exchange rates 44

Freedom 6, 9, 26, 28, 35, 36, 64, 73, 75, 77, 104, 135, 193, 196, 210, 230, 248, 266, 270

ethics of 48, 50

French Revolution 90

Friedman, Milton 102, 103, 149

Fuller, R. Buckminster 29, 40, 45, 48, 51, 52, 133

G

Galileo 23, 24, 73

Gandhi 46, 60, 134, 158, 172, 178, 179, 198, 206, 212, 215, 221, 223, 264, 266

Gaudium 91

GDP 322

Gemeinschaft 10, 92, 178, 317

General Motors 43

Germany 2, 61, 108, 218

Gesellschaft 92, 317

Giddens, Anthony 154, 187, 218, 245, 248, 251, 257, 259, 261, 263, 267, 273, 275

Gilligan, Carol 149, 212

Global economic regime 106

Global economy 1, 27, 30, 32, 33, 41, 55, 60, 64, 72, 74, 78, 85, 90 - 93, 100, 101, 105, 107, 109, 110, 113, 114, 128, 138, 140, 141, 143, 145, 150, 158, 165, 170, 172, 174,175. (See International trade)

Global factory 33

Global forces 131, 173

Global institution 27

Global labor market 26

Global market 1, 20, 60, 150, 176

Global market economy 173

Global nature of economic power 173

Global network 128, 132

Global patterns of trade 20

Global quasi-machine 33

Global village 26

Globalization 24, 29, 257

Globalization from Below 249

Globalization of production 20, 24, 27-8, 30, 32, 43, 58, 73

Gold 65, 176

Government intervention 3, 6, 13, 15, 22, 24, 30, 43, 62, 64, 66, 67, 70, 129, 132, 142, 159, 163, 166, 168, 173, 187, 199, 211, 224, 225, 227, 228, 237, 238, 249, 251, 268, 269

Greed 6, 162, 252

as a value 75

Green growth 67, 68, 252, 253

Green technology 41, 48

Gross domestic product 8, 47, 63, 318

Growth 10, 15, 26, 60, 62, 67, 78, 79, 88, 105, 106, 133, 153, 160, 178, 183, 217, 225. (See Market growth)

ideal of 67

Growth imperative 251 - 253, 263, 280

H

Habermas, Jurgen 66, 244, 266, 272

Hampshire, Stuart 101, 115

Harre, Rom 33, 101, 124, 149

Harvey, David 105, 106

Hegemony 128, 138, 140, 178

Henderson, Hazel 8, 29, 141, 318

Hermeneutic 243, 318

double 248, 306

Historical discontinuity 88, 89, 91, 92

Historical explanations 43

Hobbes, Thomas 73, 86, 236

Holland 88

Holocaust 253, 255, 275, 276

Homo economicus 77, 102, 103, 117, 164, 186, 211, 214, 319

Homo sapiens 12, 47, 49, 51, 67, 160, 191

Human action 11, 73, 103, 116, 127, 147, 149, 196, 205, 218, 219, 243, 256, 270, 273, 274

theories of 267

Human Action: a Treatise on Economics 16

Human choice 228

Human nature 6, 69, 87, 88, 111, 123, 162, 241, 244

Human rights 45, 166, 201, 229

Human species 111, 113

Human suffering 134

Human welfare 6, 8, 96

Human-friendly technologies 51

Humane habitats 51

Humanism 100

Humanitarian values 169

Hume, David 73, 75, 245, 247, 319

I

Idealism 113, 114, 127, 256

Ideals 114

Ideological distortion of reality 125

Ideology 6, 10, 12, 50, 73, 75, 103, 108, 113, 114, 161, 169, 170, 200, 201, 259

ILO 163

IMF 172, 176, 177, 225, 373. (See World Bank: USAID)

Imperialism 320

India 46, 49, 53, 167, 183, 264

Kerala, 53

Indigenous cultures 229

Individualism 10, 27, 47, 116, 178, 210, 211, 321

Indonesia 12, 13, 223, 249, 250, 254, 257, 259

Industrial divide 42. (See Technology lead)

Industrial economies 44

Industrial policy 61, 66, 223

Industrial Revolution 86, 99, 321

Industrialization 61. (See Deindustrialization)

deliberate 132

forced 136

Inequality 212, 217, 225, 227, 231, 258

gross 226, 227

Inflation 11, 12, 65, 67, 211 (See countercyclical spending)

Input-output model 186, 320

Instability 8, 43, 183, 197, 224, 268

Institutional structure of modern society 11

Institutionalizing peaceful change 237

Instrumental rationality 70, 72

Insurance 21

Integrated Rural Development 128

International division of labor 20, 22, 25, 26, 58, 100, 106, 108, 187, 322

International market 129

International trade 1, 4, 5, 9, 10, 14, 16, 25, 30, 40, 59, 61, 70, 88, 100, 101, 188, 206, 326. (See Global economy

International trade in labor 26

International trade theory 14, 92, 93, 125, 324

Internationalism 145

Interpretation and the Sciences of Man 11

Investors 24, 26, 43, 51, 67, 71, 142, 162, 173, 186, 248, 253, 261, 265. (See Capital investment)

Invisible hand of the market 221, 224

Isolationist. (See Protectionism)

Italy 61

J

Jameson, Fredric 124, 144, 151

Japan 2, 4, 12, 28, 30, 42, 61, 70, 108

trade surplus 11, 13

Job security 21, 106

Jubilee, ancient principle of 177

Judeo-Christian 73, 221

Judgmental rationalism 245

Jung, Carl 124, 135, 151

Jusgentium, law of all nations 92

Just price 71, 76, 86, 97

Justice 36, 68, 73, 104, 116, 119, 158, 174, 175, 214, 231

K

Kaldor, Nicholas 59, 72, 74, 76, 79, 80, 102, 326

Kalos 211

Kant, Immanuel 26, 27, 32, 35, 69, 71, 114, 135, 154, 202, 218, 267

liberal theories 5, 9, 242

Keynes, J. M. 59

Keynesian

anti- 66

economics 43, 45, 64, 77, 81, 206, 224, 288, 338, 345. (See countercyclical spending)

ethical basis of 64

explanation 62

illusion, the 268

policies, legacy of 65

post- 73

prescriptions 65

regime of accumulation 106

social accounting 178

struggle 197

King Jr., Martin Luther 172, 215, 216, 218, 219, 221, 223, 227

Koinonia 178

L

Labor-intensive 1, 58, 61

Labor Party 202

Labor 1, 21

control, system of 108

exploitation of 104

feminization of 129

global division of 107. (See International division of labor)

Labor costs 20, 21, 25, 129

Labor force 60, 108

Labor movement 165

Labor power 36, 104, 106, 182, 184, 204

Labor theory of value 100, 104, 327

Labor unions 6, 21, 30, 48, 165, 166, 175, 178, 187, 199

Lacan, Jacques 127

Laissez-faire capitalism 321

Language-game 33, 103

Lappé, Frances Moore 217

Latin America 58, 153, 162

Law of all nations, the 92, 264

Laws of profit 142

Left ideologies 141

Legitimation Crisis, The 66

Liberalism 10, 170

Liberation theology 162

Linguistics 122, 188, 190, 195

Living wage 21, 22, 283

Loans 6, 92, 102, 116, 224

Local economies 53

Locke, John 26, 31, 35, 64, 70, 73, 79, 86, 112, 149

Lovins, Amory 46, 47

Low wage areas 34, 58. (See Wages)

M

MacDonaldized world 24

Machinelike 128, 137, 158

Macro-management 66

Macroeconomic policies 268, 269

Macroeconomic principles 206

Macroeconomics in the Global Economy 241

Malaysia 26

Maldevelopment: Anatomy of a Global failure 154

Malthus, Thomas 216, 217

Managers 21, 25, 95, 185, 265, 266, 268

Materialism 332

Meanings are causes 148, 149, 244, 256, 273

Mechanical metaphors 11

Mechanical root metaphor 125

Mechanism 48, 87, 107

Mechanism of accumulation 145

Meiji Restoration 42

Mercantilism 334

Mesoamerica 49

Meta-economics 46, 73, 80

Meta-narrative 151, 333

Metaphysical 32, 33

Metaphysical shift 10, 11, 55, 202, 204, 214

Metaphysics 33, 37, 49, 74, 139, 163, 290, 333

Aristotle's 13, 123, 138

economic 31, 127

economic justification for 31

mechanistic 11

military 336

surrogate 119

Metaphysics defined 10, 12, 112

Metaphysics of economic society 10, 69, 72

Metaphysics of rent 93

Methodenstreit 335

Methodology of economic science 102

Mexico 27

Mies, Maria 100, 106, 108, 112

Mill, John Stuart 7, 26, 32, 59

Modern global economy 107

Modern ideals 100

Managing World Economic Change 247

Manufacturing trade deficit 58

Maquiladora 27, 329

Market

decentralized 69

magic of the 220

Market behavior 70, 130

Market demand 42, 48

Market forces 26, 31, 33, 41, 43, 50, 73, 75, 163, 331

Market individualism 178

Market mechanisms 6, 64, 224

Market model 167

Market phenomena 73

Market rationality 53, 167

Market relationships 178, 220

Market snafu prevention 225

Market to profit processes 175

Market value 103

Marketing 3, 61, 68, 253

Markets 6, 41, 85, 87, 105, 167

Marshall Plan 332

Marx 17, 36, 67, 78, 96, 101, 103, 104, 107, 110, 113, 117, 127, 130, 141, 142, 149, 150, 152, 169

Marxian concept 111

Marxist 100

Marxist metaphysical bias 112, 113

Marxist metaphysics 113

Marxist paradigm 147

Marxist revolutionaries 113

Marxist tradition 114, 149

Mass production 42, 44, 45, 48, 328

Mass production technology 41, 43, 44

Modernity 100, 149, 336

Modernization 70

Monetarist 63

Money 8, 12, 13, 27, 40, 43, 50, 62, 66, 70, 72, 78, 94, 101, 105, 110, 117, 130, 139, 141, 163, 168, 173, 176, 203, 211

Monolithic system 143, 150

Monopoly 301, 338

Moral judgment, development of 211

Multicultural 28, 170

Multinational corporation 25, 30, 146, 158

Myrdal, Gunnar 59, 70

N

Nation state 88, 89, 187, 235, 245, 268, 339

Natural 6, 15, 70, 71, 75, 78, 95, 96, 163, 203

Natural endowment 1

Natural framework 194

Natural is good 64

Natural law 5

Natural resources 1

Natural rights 73

Natural science 71, 75, 188, 270

positive 119

Natural worth 112, 113

Nature 30, 80, 97, 115, 117, 138, 210, 229

Negative growth 226. (See Deflation)

Neo-Keynesian remedies 59

Neoclassical economics 1, 6, 8, 10, 13, 59, 61, 64. (See Comparative advantage)

Neoclassical opponents 69

Neoclassical trade theory 1, 2

Neoliberal 47, 65, 66, 106, 160, 163, 172, 175, 177, 225, 343. (See Free market ideology)

Netherlands, The 88, 89, 97, 160

New products, process of 68

Newton, Sir Isaac 74, 86

Noddings, Nel 149, 164

Non-Western cultures 134

Non-action 165

Nonexistence 32, 138

Nonprofits 30, 103, 141, 161, 229

Nonviolent transformation 195, 196

North Sea oil 63

O

Of Grammatology 124

Oligopoly 344

Ontological realism 244

Ontology 302, 344

OPEC oil cartel 44

Operasi Koteka 12, 13

Opportunity cost 185, 186

Orderly selfishness 220

Ousia 37

Overdetermination 123, 125, 128, 145, 147

Overproduction 345

P

Pancasila 346

Pareto optimality 9, 346

Pareto, Vilfredo 69, 102, 117

Pareto-optimize 168

Partnership relationships 177

Patomaki, Heikki 235, 247, 253, 255, 263, 266, 268, 270, 271, 273

Patriarchal 27, 107, 123, 134, 141, 148

Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale 100, 106. (See Maria Mies)

Pattern bargaining 347

Per-capita growth 225

Perennial Philosophy, the 215

Performative force 140, 146

Permaculture 40, 177

Perot, Ross 65

Philosophical Investigations 258

Philosophical theories 88

Philosophy 49, 69

Philosophy of education 162

Physical reality 8, 48, 136, 194, 199

Physics 23, 73, 80, 194, 195, 274

Pigou, Arthur 16, 288, 346

Pigou-optimize 168

Piore and Sabel 41, 43, 48, 52, 64, 86

Planet Neighborhood 40

Planning model 167. (See Economic planning)

Plato 49, 221

Pluralist security community 236

Polarization 61

Political Community and the North Atlantic Area 236 - 238

Political economy 7, 9, 73, 76, 95, 102, 103, 117, 119, 131, 142, 189, 193, 216, 221, 262

Political Economy of Growth, The 115

Political power 66, 164, 187

Policy instruments 268

Portugal 2, 88, 259

Positive alternatives 210, 211

Positivism 347

Positivist economist 348

Post-Marxist 145

Post-Structuralism 122, 134, 137, 138, 349

Postmodernism 349

Potlatch 30

Poverty 4, 33, 41, 60, 61, 74, 78, 131, 133, 136, 137, 162, 183, 185, 195, 196, 206, 215, 219, 221, 227, 230, 241, 253, 257, 264, 265, 268

de-politicization of 137

labor 130

Poverty of Historicism, The 243

Power 42, 63, 79, 87, 88, 125, 128, 130, 133, 135, 138, 143, 150, 154, 159, 161, 162, 165, 166, 171, 173, 178, 187, 194, 200, 209, 211, 217, 230, 254, 259, 263

balance of 236

effective 249

individual 77

military 132, 259, 260

productive 261, 262

purchasing 131

Praxis 147

Pre-market correction 225

Primitive accumulation 350

Principia Mathematica 74

Product development for export 66

Product markets 1

Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities 185

Productive efficiency 1

Productive power relations 263

Productivity 21

growth of 252

Profit 21, 23, 25, 29, 32, 68, 71, 103, 105, 114, 115, 129, 132, 139, 142, 143, 153, 161, 163, 186, 196, 216, 226, 230, 251, 252, 350

super 68

Profit imperative 129, 228

Proletariat 113, 204

Property 9, 22, 24, 26, 31, 33, 66, 104, 260, 261, 266, 350

law of 38

power of 261

private 6, 10, 23, 41, 73, 94, 178, 185, 199, 229, 262

Property and contract, the laws of 204

Property rights 22, 26, 31, 32, 50, 66, 87, 260, 351

Protectionism 355. (See Isolationist)

Protections 178, 224

Psychological fact 251

Psychological manipulation, methods of 108

Psychology 94

Psychology of the community 62, 71, 251

Purchasing power 62, 65

Puritan ethic 136

Q

Quality of objects 96

Quasi-explanation 132

Quasi-machine 7, 32, 33, 126, 166

Quasi-mechanism 22, 24, 26, 27, 32, 35, 49, 86, 87, 89, 131, 162, 187, 193, 206

Quine, Willard van Orman 124, 151

R

Race to the bottom 249, 251, 263, 265, 268

Radical empiricism 356

Radical empiricist 223, 230

Rationalism 71, 356

Rationalist 126

Rationalist theories 50

Realism 102, 125, 138, 151, 176

Realist position 239

Realpolitik 242

Reclaim reality 240

Rent 93, 96

Ricardo's theory of 95, 96

Rent control 6

Resources 258, 260, 262, 269, 277

control of 263, 266

Resources constraints 45

Retained earnings 60, 227

Revealed choices 7, 47, 54

Revenue 21, 29, 43, 62, 66, 71, 203, 229, 250

tax 225

Riane Eisler 177

Ricardo, David 2, 4, 12, 14, 22, 24, 59, 95, 98, 104, 109, 129, 142, 153, 185, 216

Right livelihood 46

Risk 43, 44, 47, 57, 248

Robinson, Joan 67

Romero, Archbishop Oscar 235, 271

Rule of law 237, 259, 260

Rules 32, 72, 146, 166, 177, 183, 188, 203, 204, 207, 239, 241, 244, 256, 258, 271, 273, 276, 277

constitutive 11, 148, 202, 205, 207, 263

moral 27, 32, 71, 92

primary 263, 264

secondary 263, 264

Ruskin, John 202

Russian Revolution 126, 185

S

Sarvodaya 134, 357

Saturation of goods markets 44

Satyagraha 239, 357

Saussure, Ferdinand de 122, 189, 199, 203

Schumacher, E. F. 46, 48, 70, 73, 80

Schumpeter, Joseph 217

Second Industrial Divide, the: Possibilities for Change 41

Self-determination 358

Self-determination, ethical theory of 47, 48

Self-interest 15, 47, 87, 109, 125, 161, 163, 168, 173, 193, 197, 199, 213, 220, 222, 226, 241, 266, 276

Self-reliance 110

Self-transformative capacities of context 256, 263, 266, 271

Singer, Peter 217

Slavery 5, 107, 110, 141, 186, 260

Small is Beautiful 46, 54, 80

Smith, Adam 15, 22, 73, 93, 94, 96, 97, 101, 105, 109, 111, 115, 163, 193, 194, 197, 203, 219, 230

Social accounting 59, 62, 67, 71

Social barriers 164

Social behavior 11

Social consensus 65, 67

Social constructions 124

Social contract 35

Social democracy 177, 257, 263, 269, 271, 277, 359

participatory 177

Social effort 105

Social formation 139

Social homologues 76

Social instability 8

Social issues 51, 66, 75, 162, 163

Social justice 33, 53, 67

Social movement 123

Social norms 166, 171, 214

Social partners 65, 66

Social peace 66

Social phenomena 11, 73

Social physics 59

Social product 100, 112, 359

Social psychology 102

Social reality 10, 145

Social relations 50, 55, 182, 187

Social relationship 49, 262

Social rules 204, 218

Social safety net 175, 177, 221

Social science 10, 11, 103, 123, 125, 126, 128, 148

Social structure 103

formation of 219

Social transformation 159, 166, 169, 194, 269

Social values 193

Social wealth 105

Social world 143

Socialism 217

Socialist 109, 111, 165, 170, 176

utopian 111

Socialist planning 185

Societas 177

Socrates 139

Solidarity 114, 159, 163, 165, 171, 174, 178, 214, 226

ethic of 91

South Africa 70

South Korea 24

Sovereignty 50, 136, 238

Soviet Union 112, 174

Specialization 1, 220

Specialization of labor 7

Specialized production 60

Sphere of production 113

Spirit 215, 223

Spiritual 29, 88, 175, 179, 215

Spiritual needs 168

Spiritual regeneration 7

Spiritual study 171

Spiritual teachings 46

Stability 11, 225

Stabilize demand 43

Stagflation 360

Stagnation 62, 66

State ownership 223

Statistical methods 32

Steady-state economics 66

Structural adjustment 373

Structural fact 251

Structural problem 159, 222, 226, 228, 258, 269

Structuralism 360

Structure 245, 246, 248, 250, 253, 256, 258, 261, 264, 267, 268, 270, 271, 273, 275

income 258

relational 258

wealth 258

Structure age 258

Structure formation 218

Structure of Science, The 243

Structure set 251

Subsidy 3, 6, 66, 129, 361

public working capital 227

Supply 42, 89

food 131, 216

Supply and demand 7, 67, 76, 364

Surplus labor 362

Surplus product 362

Surplus value 103, 105, 109, 142, 149, 363

Sustainable 40, 46, 48, 67, 128, 168, 214

Sustainable technology 40, 45, 46, 51, 52, 177

Sweatshops 27, 141

Sweden 227

Swiss bank 30

Synchronic linguistics 189

Synchrony 138

T

Taiwan 24, 26

Tariff 6, 25, 61, 129, 365

Tautology 2, 8, 12

Taxation

theory and practice of 67

Taxes 21, 64, 95, 161

Technai 49

Techno-optimism 46

Technology

appropriate 46

Technology choice 40, 41, 44, 46, 48, 51

Technology lead 61, 64, 70. (See Industrial divide)

Technostructure 49, 50, 62, 75, 366. (See Command structure)

Thatcher, Margaret 63, 207. (See North Sea oil)

Theology 76

Theory of the Moral Sentiments 220

Third world 20, 24, 107, 109, 115, 128, 131, 133, 134, 137, 141, 146, 176, 206, 228, 249, 267

Thomas, St. 91

Tobin, tax 35, 225, 366

Todd, John 41, 45

Tonnies, Ferdinand 92

Toulmin, Stephen 101, 116

Trade deficit 58

Trade surplus 12

Trading Industries, Trading Regions 58

Traditional cultures 8, 12, 220

Traditional metaphysics 50

Traditional value rationality 70

Transformation 165, 170

Transformation movement 169

Transformative 200, 201

Treadmill of growth 68, 253, 282

Triangulating Peace 242

Truth 125, 140, 150, 198, 202, 205, 239, 245

TV 40, 43, 52, 174

U

UAW 43

Underdevelopment 130, 133, 153

United States 24, 132, 139

family values breakdown, theory of 4

rising inequality 227

deficit spending 65

Department of Justice 144

dollar 44

economic hegemony 106

Federal Reserve Bank 225

industrial expansion 24, 132

tax laws 24

Understanding 164, 243, 273

Unemployment 12, 21, 63, 206, 238, 241, 242, 253, 257

structural 34, 106

Unions 108, 141, 165, 172, 174, 236, 249

Unitas 178

United Nations 14, 163, 225, 228

United Steelworkers of America 144

Untested feasibility 145, 204

USAID 133, 373

Use value 104, 111, 113, 193, 194, 197, 221, 367

USSR 167

Utilitarian 7, 16, 369

V

Value 104, 105

Value in exchange 221, 230, 261. See Exchange value

process of 197

Value in use 221, 222, 230. (See Use value)

Variables 32

Viner, Jacob 14

Violence 27, 41, 107, 111, 126, 133, 194, 195, 204, 235, 239, 246, 256, 265, 268, 276

W

Wage labor 8, 70

Wages 153, 166, 227. (See Living wage)

high 21, 25, 68, 159

low 22, 24, 25, 58, 61, 129, 226, 330. (See Low wage areas)

Ricardo's theory of 23

tactics to raise 21

very low 224

cut 216

kept low 21

Wallerstein, Immanuel 160, 218, 370

War system 265

Waren 149

Water metaphor 96, 163

Wealth 7

absolute 184

Wealth of Nations, The 73, 163, 221

Welfare 47

myth about 8

Welfare economics 7, 168

Welfare of the whole 46

Weber, Max 72

Wittgenstein, Ludwig 11, 31

Women's rights 133

Works and Days 49

World Bank 128, 130, 133, 172, 218, 372 (See IMF, USAID)

World Trade Organization 228, 373

World's great religions 46

Worldview 10, 32, 33, 35, 37, 49, 69, 73, 215

WW II 24, 43, 61, 65, 132, 227

Well disciplined labor 20

Western Europe 133

Western European social democracies 159

Western European welfare states 133, 187, 202

Western philosophy 49, 71, 135

Will 109, 190, 199, 209, 215, 218, 221, 223, 224, 226

Z

Zweckrationalitat 72

   

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